Album for Radical Reformation

Munster

This is the steeple of St Lambert's cathedral in Munster. The bodies of Jan of Leyden and two other Anabaptists were placed in these cages after they were tortured and killed.

Ingolstadt church

Cathedral in Ingolstadt where Johann Eck and Balthasar Hübmaier preached.

Limmat

Limmat River near Zurich where Felix Manz was drowned.

menno_church

This is Menno Simon's church in Witmarsum. Notice how plain it is in comparison to churches of other movements.

grossmunster

Grossmunster Church in Zurich. Blaurock was the first adult baptized in Zurich.

augsburg_water

This is a view of the stream that winds its way through Augsburg. Pilgram Marpeck was able to avoid persecution because he was a civil engineer in Strasburg and Augsburg.

augsburg-courthouse

Courthouse in Augsburg.

grossmunster

Grossmunster Church in Zurich where Grebel attended while studying the Bible with Zwingli.

Ingolstadt Church

Church in Ingolstadt where Johann Eck and Balthasar Hübmaier preached.

Doopsgezinde

Doopsgezinde is the term used for Anabaptists in the Netherlands today. They are known as Mennonites elsewhere.

Ingolstadt University

View of the University of Ingolstadt where Johann Eck and Balthasar Hübmaier taught. Argula von Grumbach challenged the faculty here to debate her evangelical theology.

Jewish Grave

Above is a Jewish gravesite in Worms that dates back to 1076. Anti-semitism was rampant during the Reformation. Balthasar Hübmaier became chaplain of the Chapel of Mary built upon a destroyed synagogue in Regensburg.

Alzey Castle

Castle in Alzey where 350 Anabaptists were put to death.

Grossmünster Door

Door of the Grossmünster in Zurich where Zwingli preached. Michael Sattler was present at the Third Disputation in Zurich.

Castle Church Altar

Above is the altar in the Castle church in Wittenberg. Karlstadt served as a deacon here and preached here when Martin Luther was in hiding at Wartburg Castle.

Münster Cages

Thomas Müntzer promoted an apocalyptic theology that advocated violence much like the views held by the Münsterites. They also had the same end! The Münsterites were killed and placed in the cages shown above.

Calvin's Church in Geneva

After escaping from prison in Vienne, Michael Servetus fled to Geveva where he was captured and burned at the stake. Calvin's role in Sevetus' execution has often been criticized.

Anna Jansz

Above is an etching by Jan Luiken found in the Martyr's Mirror. Anna Jansz is pictured handing over her infant as she is lead away to be executed by drowning.

Menno Simons Monument

Menno Simons monument outside Witmarsum.

Menno Simons Monument in Witmarsum

Above is a monument to Menno Simons in Witmarsum.

Rheinhessen castle in Alzey. This massive tower held Anabaptist prisoners. 350 Anabaptists were killed at this site in 1529.

Rheinhessen Castle in Alzey

Rheinhessen castle in Alzey. 350 Anabaptists were killed at this site in 1529.

Augsburg Dom Door

This view above the door of the cathedral in Augsburg is typical of the architecture of the Middle Ages. Anabaptists in Augsburg showed disdain for what they viewed as an obsession with images. Anabaptists rejected such artwork as idolatrous.

Saint Lamberts Church in Münster

After the Fall of Münster, Anabaptists were tortured and placed in the cages shown above.

Baptistry

Ironically, the baptistery shown above was discovered while excavating beneath Calvin’s church in Geneva. Even though Calvin rejected Anabaptism, persons were baptized by immersion centuries before his ministry in Geneva.

Doops Sign

Although Mennonites take their name from Menno Simons, Anabaptists in his homeland prefer to be called Doopsgezinde as evidenced by this sign on Menno Simon's church in Witmarsum.

Menno Simon's Theme Verse

The above plaque found on Menno Simon's church in Witmarsum highlights a key verse in Menno's theology: 1 Corinthians 3:11 "For no one can lay any foundation other than the one that has been laid; that foundation is Jesus Christ.

Stream

This stream runs a few yards away from Menno Simon's church in Witmarsum. Although Menno was not baptized there, many anabaptists were.

Reformed Church in Zollikon

Although Zollikon was the home of the first anabaptist church in Switzerland, they were severely persecuted in this area and eventually exterminated. There are no anabaptists in Zollikon today.

Castle Church Altar

Above is the altar of the Castle Church in Wittenberg. Karlstadt celebrated the first "evangelical" communion here on December 25, 1521.

St Lambert's Altar

Altar of St Lambert's Church in Münster.

Münster Pulpit

Pulpit of St Lambert's Church in Münster where Bernard Rothmann began his radical preaching that attracted thousands of Anabaptists.

Rheinhessen Castle in Alzey

Rheinhessen castle in Alzey. 350 Anabaptists were killed at this site in 1529.

Grossmunster in Zurich

The first adult baptism of the Reformation occurred almost within the shadow of the Grossmunster in Zurich.