Comparative Chronology: Catholic and English

Year Catholic English
1452 Robert Bellarmine is born.
1455 Pope Callistus III elected.
1456 Sylvester Mazzolini Prierias is born.
1458 Pope Pius II elected.
1459 Pope Adrian VI is born.
1460 James Hochstraten is born.
1464 Pope Paul II elected.
1465 Johann Tetzel probably born in this year.
1469 Tommaso de Vio Gaetani Cajetan is born.
1471 Pope Sixtus IV elected. Prierias becomes a Dominican.
1475 Pope Leo X is born.
1478 Sixtus IV empowers the Catholic sovereigns to set up the Inquisition. Pope Clement VII is born. Thomas More is probably born.
1479 Johannes Cochlaeus is born.
1483 Gasparo Contarini is born.
1484 Pope Innocent VIII elected. Hugh Latimer is born.
1485 Thomas Cromwell probably born.
1486 Johann (John) Eck is born.
1487 Pope Julius III is born.
1488 Cajetan begins studies in Bologna.
1489 John Cochlaeus is born. Thomas Cranmer is born.
1490 Vittoria Colonna is born. Albert Pighius is born.
1491 Ignatius Loyola is born. Cajetan goes to Padua to finish studies and teach. Henry VIII is born.
1492 The Moors are driven out of Granada and Ferdinand and Isabella expel the Jews from Spain. Pope Alexander VI elected.
1493 Cajetan begins lecturing at Padua on Peter Lombard's Sentences.
1494 Cajetan appointed university chair of Thomistic studies at Padua. Anna Bijns is born. William Tyndale is born.
1495 Francisco Ximenez (Jimenez) de Cisneros becomes archbishop of Toledo. Prierias begins teaching at Bologna. Robert Barnes is born. Thomas Bilney born in Norwich.
1496 Cajetan publishes commentary on Aquinas' On Being and Essence.
1497 Cajetan becomes professor of Thomistic theology in Pavia.
1498 Girolamo Savonarola burned at the stake. Johann Eck enters University of Heidelberg. Cajetan publishes The Analogy of Names.
1499 Cajetan called to teach in Milan.
1500 Reginald Pole is born.
1501 Johann Eck receives MA from Tubingen. Cajetan called to Rome and appointed procurator general of Dominicans. Arthur marries Catharine of Aragon.
1502 Johann Eck publishes On the Primacy of Peter against Luther. A report on the Leipzig debate with Luther and Karlstadt. Pope Gregory XIII is born.
1503 Pope Pius elected. Pope Julius II elected.
1504 Pope Julius II allows Henry VIII to marry Catharine of Aragon. Matthew Parker is born.
1505 Thomas More marries Jane Colt.
1506 Pope Julius II orders work on St. Peter?s Basilica in Rome. Francis Xavier is born. Cajetan publishes: On Interpretation, Posterior Analytics, The Categories, Metaphysics
1507 Pope appoints Cajetan as vicar general of Dominicans.
1508 Johann Eck is ordained. Cajetan sends Dominicans to the New World. Paola Antonia Negri is born.
1509 Vittoria Colonna marries Ferrante Francesco d'Avalos, a Spanish noble. Henry VIII marries Catharine of Aragon.
1510 Johann Eck receives Doctor of Theology from University of Freiburg and begins to teach at Ingolstadt. Cajetan publishes The Infinity of the First Mover.
1511 Cajetan publishes A Comparison of the Authority of the Pope and Councils
1513 Giovanni de Medici becomes Pope Leo X.
1514 Prierias begins teaching in Rome. Prierias publishes *Summa Silvestrina.* Katherine Parr is born
1515 Teresa of Avila is born. Prierias named "Master of the Sacred Palace,"the court theologian to pope Leo X.
1517 The Oratory of Divine Love is founded in Rome Francisco Ximenez (Jimenez) de Cisneros' Complutensian Polyglot Bible (began in 1502) is completed Cajetan named cardinal by pope Leo X. Pope Leo X commissions Prierias to respond to Luther's 95 thesis. Prierias' *Dialogus* is sent to Luther who responds with *Responsio.*
1519 Leipzig Disputation between Luther and Eck. Karlstadt also debates Eck. [More] Pope Innocent IX is born. Thomas Bilney ordained by Bishop West of Ely.
1521 Pope Leo X calls King Henry VIII ?Defender of the Faith? for his publication of an anti-Luther tract.
1522 Pope Adrian VI elected. Ignatius Loyola spends a year at Manresa. Bartolome de las Casas becomes a Dominican. Cajetan sent by pope Adrian VI as legate to Hungary.
1523 Pope Clement VII elected. Cajetan completes 4th volume of his commentary on Aquinas' Summa. Sylvester Mazzolini Prierias dies. Pope Adrian VI dies.
1524 Gaetano de Thiene founds the Theatines. Thomas Bilney "converts" Hugh Latimer.
1525 Eck publishes Arguments against Luther and Other Enemies of the Church. Johann Eck publishes his most important work, Enchiridian. Vittoria Colonna's husband dies. Vittoria Colonna enters the Convent of San Silvestro in Rome. Thomas Bilney is licensed to preach in Ely.
1526 Wolsey summons Thomas Bilney and he is forced to take an oath not to disseminate Luther's views.
1527 Johann Eck publishes On the Sacrifice of the Mass to refute Zwingli's rejection of the mass. James Hochstraten dies. Henry VIII appeals to Pope Clement VII for annulment for marriage to Catharine of Aragon.
1528 Sommaschi founded. Ignatius Loyola graduates from University of Paris. Anna Bijns publishes twenty-three poems condemning the reformation.
1529 Matteo da Bascio founds the Capuchins. Second Diet of Speyer. [More] Simon Fish publishes The Supplication of Beggars. Thomas More replaces Wolsey as Lord Chancellor. Thomas More succeeds Thomas Wolsey as Lord Chancellor.
1530 Anton Maria Zaccaria founds the Barnabites (Clerks Regular of St. Paul). Cesare Baronius is born. Robert Barnes flees to Wittenberg. William Tracy's will circulates among evangelicals. As a result, his body is exhumed and burned. Robert Barnes writes A Supplication unto King Henry VIII.
1531 Robert Barnes writes Supplication to Henry VIII. Thomas Bilney executed in London.
1532 Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor the day after the Submission of the Clergy is passed. Thomas More writes Letter Against Frith.
1533 Parliament passes the Act in Restraint of Appeals. Anne Boleyn gives birth to Elizabeth. Thomas More writes Confutation of Tyndale's Answer. Henry VIII is excommunicated. The Buggery Act is adopted by Henry VIII. [More] Thomas Cranmer is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury by Henry VIII. Henry VIII secretly marries Anne Boleyn.
1534 Pope Paul III elected. Tommaso de Vio Gaetani Cajetan dies. Pope Clement VII dies. Ignatius Loyola and six others (including Francis Xavier) take vows of celebacy and poverty and commit to serving God. King Henry VIII declares himself the supreme head of the church in England. Act of Supremacy.
1535 Angela Merici founds the Ursulines. Pope Gregory XIV is born. Thomas More is beheaded in Tower of London for failing to take the Oath of Supremacy. Thomas More is executed.
1536 Teresa of Avila enters Carmelite convent in Avila. Gasparo Contarini asked by pope Paul III to lead papal reform commission. Anna Bijns opens a one-room school. Pope Clement VIII is born. William Tyndale burned at stake. Thomas Cromwell secures the Act of Dissolution which closes monasteries. Robert Barnes returns to England. Henry VIII begins suppressing monasteries. Catharine of Aragon dies. Anne Boleyn executed. Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour. Pilgrimage of Grace begins. [More]
1537 Johann Eck publishes a German translation of the Bible. Vittoria Colonna travels to Ferrera to seek permission to found a Capuchin convent there. Jane Grey is born Edward VI is born. Jane Seymour dies.
1538 A book of Vittoria Colonna's poetry is published in Parma.
1539 Six Articles passed by English parlaiment at Henry VIII's urging.
1540 Ignatius of Loyola founds the Society of Jesus. Robert Barnes burned at the stake. Anne Askew marries Thomas Kyme of Kelsey. Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves. Henry VIII's marriage to Anne of Cleves is annulled. Henry VIII marries Katherine Howard. Henry VIII has Thomas Cromwell executed. Robert Barnes burned at the stake.
1541 Regensburg Colloquy. Juan de Valdes dies. Vittoria Colonna enters the convent of San Caterina at Viterbo. Peter Canisius becomes the first Jesuit in Germany.
1542 Gasparo Contarini dies. Pope Paul III establishes the Congregation of the Inquisition. Albert Pighius dies. Robert Bellarmine is born. Katherine Howard executed for treason.
1543 Johann Eck dies. Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr.
1544 Anne Askew's husband, Thomas Kyme expels her from his home because of her "heretical" views.
1545 Council of Trent begins its first session. [More] Anne Askew arrested twice in 1545 in London.
1546 Schmalkald War begins. [More] Anne Askew arrested for the third time. Anne Askew was tied to a chair and burned alive. Anne Askew condemned. Anne Askew placed on the rack and tortured until many bones were broken. She refused to recant.
1547 Vittoria Colonna dies. Peter Canisius advises Cardinal Georg Truchsess von Waldburg at the Council of Trent. Schmalkald War ends. Henry VIII dies.
1548 Ignatius Loyola's Spiritual Excercises first published in its entirety. Anna Bijns publishes another anti-Lutheran work: The Second Book Containing Many Beautifully Artistic Refrains. Katherine Parr dies.
1549 Peter Canisius begins teaching at the University of Ingolstadt. Thomas Cranmer's First Book of Common Prayer published
1550 Pope Julius III elected.
1551 Council of Trent begins its second session.
1552 Francis Xavier dies. John Cochlaeus dies. Thomas Cranmer publishes the Second Book of Common Prayer.
1553 Thomas Cranmer writes Forty Two Articles of the Reformed Faith. Edward VI dies at age fifteen. Queen Mary ascends to the throne.
1554 Pope Gregory XV is born. Jane Grey is executed.
1555 Pope Marcellus II elected. Pope Paul IV elected. Peter Canisius publishes his first catechism written for priests and adults. Paola Antonia Negri dies. Pope Julius III dies. Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer burned at the stake.
1556 Ignatius Loyola dies. Peter Canisius publishes a catechism for children and one for youth. Thomas Cranmer burned at the stake.
1557 Peter Canisius attends the Colloquy of Worms.
1558 Reginald Pole dies.
1559 Pope Pius IV elected. Pope Paul IV approves and publishes the first Index of Forbidden Books.
1562 Council of Trent begins its third session. Teresa of Avila founds St. Joseph's convent in Avila.
1566 Pope Pius V elected.
1567 Third volume of Anna Bijns poetry is published.
1571 Peter Canisius publishes Life of John the Baptist. Thirty Nine Articles written under Queen Elizabeth.
1572 Pope Gregory XIII elected. St Bartholomew's Day Massacre about 100,000 Huguenots slaughtered.
1575 Anna Bijns probably dies. Matthew Parker dies.
1577 Peter Canisius publishes The Life of Virgin Mary.
1580 Peter Canisius founds a Jesuit college in Fribourg.
1582 Teresa of Avila dies.
1585 Pope Gregory XIII dies.
1591 Pope Gregory XIV dies. Pope Innocent IX dies.
1597 Peter Canisius dies.
1605 Pope Clement VIII dies.
1607 Cesare Baronius dies.
1621 Robert Bellarmine dies.
1623 Pope Gregory XV dies.