Comparative Chronology: Magisterial and Catholic

Year Magisterial Catholic
1452 Robert Bellarmine is born.
1455 Pope Callistus III elected.
1456 Sylvester Mazzolini Prierias is born.
1458 Pope Pius II elected.
1459 Pope Adrian VI is born.
1460 James Hochstraten is born.
1463 Frederick the Wise, elector of Saxony is born.
1464 Pope Paul II elected.
1465 Johann Tetzel probably born in this year.
1469 Tommaso de Vio Gaetani Cajetan is born.
1471 Pope Sixtus IV elected. Prierias becomes a Dominican.
1475 Pope Leo X is born.
1478 Wolfgang Capito is born. Sixtus IV empowers the Catholic sovereigns to set up the Inquisition. Pope Clement VII is born.
1479 Johannes Cochlaeus is born.
1480 Andreas Rudolf Bodenstein von Karlstadt is born.
1482 Johann Oecolampadius is born.
1483 Luther is born in Eisleben. Gasparo Contarini is born.
1484 Ulrich Zwingli is born in St. Gall. Joachim Vadian is born in St Gall. Pope Innocent VIII elected.
1485 Johann Bugenhagen born in Pomerania.
1486 Johann (John) Eck is born.
1487 Pope Julius III is born.
1488 Cajetan begins studies in Bologna.
1489 Guillaume (William) Farel is born. John Cochlaeus is born.
1490 Argula von Grumbach is born. Vittoria Colonna is born. Albert Pighius is born.
1491 Martin Bucer is born. Ignatius Loyola is born. Cajetan goes to Padua to finish studies and teach.
1492 Berchtold Haller is born. The Moors are driven out of Granada and Ferdinand and Isabella expel the Jews from Spain. Pope Alexander VI elected.
1493 Cajetan begins lecturing at Padua on Peter Lombard's Sentences.
1494 Cajetan appointed university chair of Thomistic studies at Padua. Anna Bijns is born.
1495 Francisco Ximenez (Jimenez) de Cisneros becomes archbishop of Toledo. Prierias begins teaching at Bologna.
1496 Cajetan publishes commentary on Aquinas' On Being and Essence.
1497 Philipp Melanchthon (born Philip Schwartzerdt) is born. Katharina Zell is born. Cajetan becomes professor of Thomistic theology in Pavia.
1498 Ulrich Zwingli enrolls at the University of Vienna. Andreas Osiander is born. Girolamo Savonarola burned at the stake. Johann Eck enters University of Heidelberg. Cajetan publishes The Analogy of Names.
1499 Cajetan called to teach in Milan.
1500 Juan de Valdes is born. Reginald Pole is born.
1501 Joachim Vadian begins studies at the University of Vienna. Johann Eck receives MA from Tubingen. Cajetan called to Rome and appointed procurator general of Dominicans.
1502 University of Wittenberg established by Frederick, Elector of Saxony. Ulrich Zwingli transfers to University in Basel. Johann Eck publishes On the Primacy of Peter against Luther. A report on the Leipzig debate with Luther and Karlstadt. Pope Gregory XIII is born.
1503 Pope Pius elected. Pope Julius II elected.
1504 Ulrich Zwingli receives BA from Basel. Wibrandis Rosenblatt born. Heinrich Bullinger is born.
1506 Zwingli receives Master of Arts at University of Basel. Ulrich Zwingli receives MA from Basel. Ulrich Zwingli is ordained and becomes parish priest in Glarus. Pope Julius II orders work on St. Peter?s Basilica in Rome. Francis Xavier is born. Cajetan publishes: On Interpretation, Posterior Analytics, The Categories, Metaphysics
1507 Pope appoints Cajetan as vicar general of Dominicans.
1508 Melanchthon begins studies at Pforzheim. Joachim Vadian receives MA from the University of Vienna. Johann Eck is ordained. Cajetan sends Dominicans to the New World. Paola Antonia Negri is born.
1509 John Calvin is born. Melanchthon begins studies at Heidelberg. Vittoria Colonna marries Ferrante Francesco d'Avalos, a Spanish noble.
1510 Luther visits Rome. Johann Eck receives Doctor of Theology from University of Freiburg and begins to teach at Ingolstadt. Cajetan publishes The Infinity of the First Mover.
1511 Berchtold Haller receives Masters degree from the University of Cologne. Cajetan publishes A Comparison of the Authority of the Pope and Councils
1512 Melanchthon begins studies at T?bingen.
1513 Berchtold Haller moves to Bern. Giovanni de Medici becomes Pope Leo X.
1514 Joachim Vadian begins to study medicine and is crowned poet laureate by the emperor. Prierias begins teaching in Rome. Prierias publishes *Summa Silvestrina.*
1515 Battle of Marignano causes Zwingli to preach against mercenary system. Teresa of Avila is born. Prierias named "Master of the Sacred Palace,"the court theologian to pope Leo X.
1516 Ulrich Zwingli becomes rector of the monastic church at Einsiedeln. Joachim Vadian is appointed rector at the University of Vienna and begins teaching rhetoric. Theodore Beza is born.
1517 Pope Leo X commissions Prierias to respond to Luther's 95 thesis. Prierias' *Dialogus* is sent to Luther who responds with *Responsio.*
1518 Ulrich Zwingli becomes priest at the Great Minster in Zurich. Melanchthon begins teaching Greek at Wittenberg. Joachim Vadian resigns from his post at the University of Vienna and returns to St Gall where he is named city physician. Joachim Vadian and Conrad Grebel climb Mount Pilatus together.
1519 Leipzig Disputation between Luther and Eck. Karlstadt also debates Eck. [More]
1520 Luther Writes: To the Christian Nobility, On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and The Freedom of a Christian Heinrich Bullinger receives BA from University of Cologne. Berchtold Haller is ordained a priest.
1521 Pope Leo X calls King Henry VIII ?Defender of the Faith? for his publication of an anti-Luther tract.
1522 Ulrich Zwingli defends those who eat meat during Lent. Ulrich Zwingli secretly marries Anna Rhinehardt. Heinrich Bullinger receives MA from University of Cologne. Pope Adrian VI elected. Ignatius Loyola spends a year at Manresa. Bartolome de las Casas becomes a Dominican. Cajetan sent by pope Adrian VI as legate to Hungary.
1523 First Zurich Disputation between Zwingli and Johann Faber vicar-general of Constance. Reformation begins in Zurich. Second Zurich Disputation in which Zwingli argued for the removal of images from churches. Grebel unsuccessfully argued for the abolition of the mass. Johann Oecolampadius becomes professor at Basel. Heinrich Bullinger becomes head teacher at Cistercian monastery at Kappel. Heinrich Bullinger meets Ulrich Zwingli. Pope Clement VII elected. Cajetan completes 4th volume of his commentary on Aquinas' Summa. Sylvester Mazzolini Prierias dies. Pope Adrian VI dies.
1524 Ulrich Zwingli's marriage to Anna Rhinehardt made public. Luther and Karlstadt meet at the Black Bear Inn in Jena. Gaetano de Thiene founds the Theatines.
1525 Eck publishes Arguments against Luther and Other Enemies of the Church.
1526 First Diet of Speyer.
1527 Johann Eck publishes On the Sacrifice of the Mass to refute Zwingli's rejection of the mass. James Hochstraten dies.
1528 Heinrich Bullinger accompanies Ulrich Zwingli to the disputation at Bern Joachim Vadian moderates the Bern Disputation. Jeanne of Navarre is born. Sommaschi founded. Ignatius Loyola graduates from University of Paris. Anna Bijns publishes twenty-three poems condemning the reformation.
1529 Second Diet of Speyer. [More]
1530 Bucer and Capito write Tetrapolitan Confession. Zwingli helps Karlstadt become a deacon at the Grossm?nster in Zurich. Anton Maria Zaccaria founds the Barnabites (Clerks Regular of St. Paul). Cesare Baronius is born.
1531 Zwingli dies at the Battle of Kappel. Johann Oecolampadius dies. Heinrich Bullinger arrives in Zurich. Replaces Zwingli as pastor in Zurich. Heinrich Bullinger flees Bremgarten due to the defeat of Zurich troops at Kappel.
1532 John Calvin publishes his first work?a commentary on Seneca?s De Clementia. Guillaume Farel arrives in Geneva. Berchtold Haller debates Anabaptists in Zofingen. Berchtold Haller and Capito write the Berner Synodus, a church order for Bern.
1533 Johann Bugenhagen receives hid doctorate of theology at Wittenberg.
1534 Pope Paul III elected. Tommaso de Vio Gaetani Cajetan dies. Pope Clement VII dies. Ignatius Loyola and six others (including Francis Xavier) take vows of celebacy and poverty and commit to serving God.
1535 Calvin moves to Geneva. Council of Two Hundred passes a formal declaration that Geneva is a Protestant city. Angela Merici founds the Ursulines. Pope Gregory XIV is born.
1536 Calvin publishes the first edition of his Institutes of the Christian Religion. Heinrich Bullinger authors First Helvetic Confession. Berchtold Haller dies. Teresa of Avila enters Carmelite convent in Avila. Gasparo Contarini asked by pope Paul III to lead papal reform commission. Anna Bijns opens a one-room school. Pope Clement VIII is born.
1537 The Little Council and the Council of Two Hundred adopt Calvin's 21 Articles. Johann Eck publishes a German translation of the Bible. Vittoria Colonna travels to Ferrera to seek permission to found a Capuchin convent there.
1538 Calvin and William Farel are banished from Geneva. Calvin and Farel refuse to serve communion in Geneva. Libertines gain the majority in Geneva's city council. A book of Vittoria Colonna's poetry is published in Parma.
1540 Calvin publishes his commentary on Romans. Calvin attends Diet of Hagenau. Calvin marries Idelette de Bures. Ignatius of Loyola founds the Society of Jesus.
1541 Regensburg Colloquy.
1542 Gasparo Contarini dies. Pope Paul III establishes the Congregation of the Inquisition. Albert Pighius dies. Robert Bellarmine is born.
1543 Johann Eck dies.
1545 Council of Trent begins its first session. [More]
1546 Schmalkald War begins. [More]
1547 Schmalkald War ends.
1548 Ignatius Loyola's Spiritual Excercises first published in its entirety. Anna Bijns publishes another anti-Lutheran work: The Second Book Containing Many Beautifully Artistic Refrains.
1549 Peter Canisius begins teaching at the University of Ingolstadt.
1550 Pope Julius III elected.
1551 Joachim Vadian dies. Martin Bucer dies. Council of Trent begins its second session.
1552 Andreas Osiander dies. Francis Xavier dies. John Cochlaeus dies.
1553 Michael Servetus arrested in Geneva and burned at the stake.
1554 Pope Gregory XV is born.
1555 Pope Marcellus II elected. Pope Paul IV elected. Peter Canisius publishes his first catechism written for priests and adults. Paola Antonia Negri dies. Pope Julius III dies.
1556 Ignatius Loyola dies. Peter Canisius publishes a catechism for children and one for youth.
1557 Peter Canisius attends the Colloquy of Worms.
1558 Reginald Pole dies.
1559 Pope Pius IV elected. Pope Paul IV approves and publishes the first Index of Forbidden Books.
1560 Melanchthon dies.
1561 Marie Dentiere dies.
1562 Katharina Zell dies. Council of Trent begins its third session. Teresa of Avila founds St. Joseph's convent in Avila.
1564 John Calvin dies. Wibrandis Rosenblatt dies. Heinrich Bullinger's wife Anna and three children die of the plague. Argula von Grumbach dies.
1566 Heinrich Bullinger authors Second Helvetic Confession. Pope Pius V elected.
1567 Third volume of Anna Bijns poetry is published.
1571 Peter Canisius publishes Life of John the Baptist.
1572 Jeanne of Navarre dies. Pope Gregory XIII elected. St Bartholomew's Day Massacre about 100,000 Huguenots slaughtered.
1575 Heinrich Bullinger dies. Anna Bijns probably dies.
1577 Peter Canisius publishes The Life of Virgin Mary.
1580 Peter Canisius founds a Jesuit college in Fribourg.
1582 Teresa of Avila dies.
1585 Pope Gregory XIII dies.
1591 Pope Gregory XIV dies. Pope Innocent IX dies.
1597 Peter Canisius dies.
1605 Theodore Beza dies. Pope Clement VIII dies.
1607 Cesare Baronius dies.
1621 Robert Bellarmine dies.
1623 Pope Gregory XV dies.