Council of Trent

1545 Council of Trent begins its first session.

The Council of Trent was called by pope Paul III to address the issues raised by the Protestant Reformation. The council held three sessions (1545-1547, 1551-1552, 1562-1563).

The first session addressed doctrinal issues. It affirmed the Latin Vulgate as the official Scripture of the Church. It also affirmed the authority of tradition along with Scripture (Thus rejecting sola scriptura.).Also addressed were justification and original sin.

The second session affirmed all seven sacraments and was attended by a few protestant clergy.

The third session enacted measures to halt abuses of indulgences. It also set standards to enact moral and educational reforms for the clergy.