|Reformation Happens||The Reformation did not just "happen" in a vacuum. Many factors and persons within the church and society prior to the Reformation set the stage for this revolutionary movement.|
|Catholic Reformation||The Catholic response to the Reformation was two-fold. Protestant "heresy" was refuted and institutional reforms were enacted. The Council of Trent articulated traditional doctrine and instituted moral and educational reforms.|
|Magisterial Reformation||The Magisterial Reformation was led by Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin. The term "magisterial" refers to the fact that these reformers were supported by magistrates or ruling authorities.|
|English Reformation||Although a strong anti-clerical protest had been present in Great Britain for years, the English Reformation officially began in 1534 when Henry VIII declared himself to be the supreme head of the Church of England.|
|Radical Reformation||The Radical Reformation is the most diverse branch of the Reformation. Radicals could be either pacifists or armed revolutionaries. They often rejected infant baptism, but some rejected baptism entirely.|
© 2004 Mark Gstohl, PhD.