Cesare Baronius

Movement Catholic Reformation
Born Sora, 1530
Died Rome, 1607
Significance Italian cardinal and church historian. He published Annales Ecclesiastici, a history of the church, to combat the
Magdeburg Centuries which was a protestant interpretation of history. In this twelve volume work, he defended the supremacy of the papacy. His work was so popular that he received many honors from popes and he was almost elected pope after the deaths of Clement VIII and Leo XI.
Works Ecclesiastical Annals
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Ecclesiastical Annals by Cesare Baronius

This work was published by Cesare Baronius from 1588 until 1607. It is a historical work written to counter the Protestant Centuries in which the Magdeburg theologians surveyed the history of the church in order to demonstrate how the Catholic Church had deviated from the beliefs and practices of the early church.

Baronius' twelve volume work surveyed each hundred year period up to 1198. He argued that the beliefs espoused by the Catholic Church during the Reformation had always been held by the church throughout the centuries.

Obviously, both Baronius' work and the Protestant Centuries were biased. This demonstrated the need for and led to the study of the science of...

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