Quiz for Catholic Reformation

  1. This German Catholic theologian and writer attacked protestantism. He wrote a scathing biography of Martin Luther as well as works against other Protestants. His biased writings helped to emphasize the need for historiography.

    1. Peter Canisius
    2. Robert Bellarmine
    3. Konrad Wimpina
    4. Johannes Cochlaeus
  2. This Frankfurt theologian, one of Martin Luther's earliest opponents, drafted 106 theses as a response to Lutherís 95 theses. He attended the Diet of Augsburg in 1530 and worked with Eck and others on the Confutatio, the Catholic response to the Lutheran Augsburg Confession.

    1. Konrad Wimpina
    2. Johannes Cochlaeus
    3. Gasparo Contarini
    4. Paola Antonia Negri
  3. This Dominican Cardinal and theologian opposed Martin Luther. He met with Luther in Augsburg in 1518 ande also argued for Catholic reform at the Fifth Lateran Council.

    1. Ignatius Loyola
    2. Peter Canisius
    3. Tommaso de Vio Cajetan
    4. Francisco Ximenez de Cisneros
  4. His Dialogue laid down four foundations that set the stage for Luther's condemnation. He argued that the pope is the head of the church, that the pope cannot err, one who denies the teaching of the church and the pope is a heretic, and that the church can establish customs in regard to faith and ethics.

    1. Robert Bellarmine
    2. Paola Antonia Negri
    3. Sylvester Mazzolini Prierias
    4. Johann Eck
  5. Flemish feminist poet from Antwerp who published three volumes of poetry (1528, 1548, 1567) that were full of satire and religious devotion and also spoke out against patriarchy and Lutherans.

    1. Anna Bijns
    2. Teresa of Avila
    3. Vittoria Colonna
    4. Paola Antonia Negri
  6. Italian poet and noble who corresponded with cardinals and popes and counted Michelangelo as one of her closest spiritual friends. That her theology may have been closer to an evangelical faith than Catholic has been a matter of debate.

    1. Anna Bijns
    2. Teresa of Avila
    3. Vittoria Colonna
    4. Paola Antonia Negri
  7. This professor at Ingolstadt was the Catholic representative at the Leipzig Debate and at the Diet of Augsburg.

    1. Johann Eck
    2. Cesare Baronius
    3. Johannes Cochlaeus
    4. Gasparo Contarini
  8. This Dutch Catholic theologian became the first Jesuit in Germany. He taught theology at Ingolstadt and was the theological advisor to Cardinal Georg Truchsess von Waldburg at the Council of Trent. He also wrote three catechisms that became popular throughout Germany.

    1. Johann Eck
    2. Sylvester Mazzolini Prierias
    3. Cesare Baronius
    4. Peter Canisius
  9. This Italian cardinal and church historian published Annales Ecclesiastici, a history of the church, to combat the Magdeburg Centuries which was a protestant interpretation of history. In this twelve volume work, he defended the supremacy of the papacy. His work was so popular that he received many honors from popes and he was almost elected pope after the deaths of Clement VIII and Leo XI.

    1. Cesare Baronius
    2. Robert Bellarmine
    3. Gasparo Contarini
    4. Konrad Wimpina
  10. This Jesuit theologian's greatest theological work was Controversies which was published in three volumes from 1586 to 1593. This work was a compilation and systemization of arguments against Protestant theology and was one of the most valuable tools for Catholics against the Reformation.

    1. Cesare Baronius
    2. Robert Bellarmine
    3. Gasparo Contarini
    4. Konrad Wimpina
  11. This Jesuit theologian became a cardinal in 1599 and was one of the most influential Catholic leaders of his time. He served as chair of controversial theology from 1576 to 1588.

    1. Robert Bellarmine
    2. Johann Eck
    3. Cesare Baronius
    4. Gasparo Contarini
  12. On August 15, 1534 this founder of the Jesuits and six others (including Francis Xavier) took vows of celebacy and poverty and commit to serving God.

    1. Peter Canisius
    2. Robert Bellarmine
    3. Gasparo Contarini
    4. Ignatius Loyola
  13. This Carmelite nun was later named a Doctor of the Church. Her mystic writings and reform of the Carmelite order made her a leading figure in the Catholic Reformation.

    1. Vittoria Colonna
    2. Teresa of Avila
    3. Anna Bijns
    4. Paola Antonia Negri
  14. This work was published by Cesare Baronius from 1588 until 1607. It is a historical work written to counter the Protestant Centuries in which the Magdeburg theologians surveyed the history of the church in order to demonstrate how the Catholic Church had deviated from the beliefs and practices of the early church.

    1. Controversies
    2. Confutio
    3. Ecclesiastical Annals
    4. In Praise of Folly
  15. He was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1519 to 1556. He was a devout Catholic who often, including his declining years, spent time in monasteries. He was the most important political figure of the reformation period.

    1. Sixtus V
    2. Henry VIII
    3. Leo X
    4. Charles V