1534-1549

1534
King Henry VIII declares himself the supreme head of the church in England.   English Reformation
  M?nster debacle begins as Jan van Leiden is crowned as king and Matthijs arrives.   Radical Reformation
  Pope Paul III elected.   Catholic Reformation
  Act of Supremacy.   English Reformation
  Menno Simons publishes The Spiritual Resurrection. Simons
Radical Reformation
  Tommaso de Vio Gaetani Cajetan dies. Cajetan
Catholic Reformation
  Schwenckfeld is exiled from Strasbourg. Schwenckfeld
Radical Reformation
  Karlstadt becomes professor of Old Testament at Basel. Karlstadt
Radical Reformation
  Pope Clement VII dies.   Catholic Reformation
  August 15 Ignatius Loyola and six others (including Francis Xavier) take vows of celebacy and poverty and commit to serving God. Loyola
Catholic Reformation
  January 5 Bartholomeus Boekbinder ane William de Kuiper arrive in M?nster and initiate believers' baptism   Radical Reformation
1535
Calvin moves to Geneva. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
  Thomas More is beheaded in Tower of London for failing to take the Oath of Supremacy.   English Reformation
  Angela Merici founds the Ursulines.   Catholic Reformation
  Thomas More is executed. More
English Reformation
  Pope Gregory XIV is born.   Catholic Reformation
  April Pieter Simons and several hundred radical anabaptists are captured after they seized the Oldeklooster monastery near Bolsward and are killed.   Radical Reformation
  April 27 Council of Two Hundred passes a formal declaration that Geneva is a Protestant city.   Magisterial Reformation
  June 25 Lutherans and Catholics storm Munster. Anabaptist leaders are tortured and executed. [More] Simons
Radical Reformation
1536
Menni Simons becomes an Anabaptist leader. Simons
Radical Reformation
  William Tyndale burned at stake.   English Reformation
  Calvin publishes the first edition of his Institutes of the Christian Religion. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
  Teresa of Avila enters Carmelite convent in Avila. Teresa
Catholic Reformation
  Gasparo Contarini asked by pope Paul III to lead papal reform commission.   Catholic Reformation
  Thomas Cromwell secures the Act of Dissolution which closes monasteries. Cromwell
English Reformation
  Robert Barnes returns to England. Barnes
English Reformation
  Heinrich Bullinger authors First Helvetic Confession. Bullinger
Magisterial Reformation
  Anna Bijns opens a one-room school. Bijns
Catholic Reformation
  Berchtold Haller dies. Haller
Magisterial Reformation
  Jan of Leiden is tortured and killed.   Radical Reformation
  Pope Clement VIII is born.   Catholic Reformation
  Henry VIII begins suppressing monasteries. Henry
English Reformation
  Catharine of Aragon dies. Henry
English Reformation
  Anne Boleyn executed. Henry
English Reformation
  Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour. Henry
English Reformation
  Pilgrimage of Grace begins. [More] Henry
English Reformation
  February 25 Jacob Hutter burned at the stake.   Radical Reformation
1537
Johann Eck publishes a German translation of the Bible. Eck
Catholic Reformation
  Vittoria Colonna travels to Ferrera to seek permission to found a Capuchin convent there. Colonna
Catholic Reformation
  Jane Grey is born   English Reformation
  Edward VI is born. Henry
English Reformation
  Jane Seymour dies. Henry
English Reformation
  January 16 The Little Council and the Council of Two Hundred adopt Calvin's 21 Articles. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
1538
Calvin and William Farel are banished from Geneva. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
  A book of Vittoria Colonna's poetry is published in Parma. Colonna
Catholic Reformation
  April 21 Calvin and Farel refuse to serve communion in Geneva. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
  February Libertines gain the majority in Geneva's city council.   Magisterial Reformation
1539
Six Articles passed by English parlaiment at Henry VIII's urging.   English Reformation
  Menno Simons publishes The Fundament. Simons
Radical Reformation
  Menno Simons publishes Christian Baptism. Simons
Radical Reformation
  Anna Jansz is executed.   Radical Reformation
1540
Ignatius of Loyola founds the Society of Jesus. Loyola
Catholic Reformation
  Calvin publishes his commentary on Romans. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
  Robert Barnes burned at the stake.   English Reformation
  Menno Simons publishes Foundation of Christian Doctrine. Simons
Radical Reformation
  Anne Askew marries Thomas Kyme of Kelsey. Askew
English Reformation
  Calvin attends Diet of Hagenau. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
  Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves. Henry
English Reformation
  Henry VIII's marriage to Anne of Cleves is annulled. Henry
English Reformation
  Henry VIII marries Katherine Howard. Henry
English Reformation
  August Calvin marries Idelette de Bures. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
  July 28 Henry VIII has Thomas Cromwell executed. Cromwell
Henry
English Reformation
  July 30 Robert Barnes burned at the stake. Barnes
English Reformation
1541
Peter Riedeman writes Hutterite Confession of Faith.   Radical Reformation
  Schwenckfeld writes his Great Confession.   Radical Reformation
  Regensburg Colloquy. Eck
Catholic Reformation
Magisterial Reformation
  Juan de Valdes dies.   Catholic Reformation
  Menno Simons publishes True Christian Faith. Simons
Radical Reformation
  Vittoria Colonna enters the convent of San Caterina at Viterbo. Colonna
Catholic Reformation
  Calvin attends Diet of Regensburg. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
  Karlstadt dies. Karlstadt
Radical Reformation
  Peter Canisius becomes the first Jesuit in Germany. Canisius
Catholic Reformation
  Wolfgang Capito dies.   Magisterial Reformation
  November 20 Geneva city councils approve Calvin's Ecclesiastical Ordinances as the church constitution. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
  September 13 Calvin returns to Geneva. Calvin
Magisterial Reformation
1542
Gasparo Contarini dies.   Catholic Reformation
  Pope Paul III establishes the Congregation of the Inquisition.   Catholic Reformation
  Albert Pighius dies.   Catholic Reformation
  Robert Bellarmine is born.   Catholic Reformation
  Katherine Howard executed for treason. Henry
English Reformation
1543
Johann Eck dies. Eck
Catholic Reformation
  Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr. Henry
English Reformation
  Sebastian Franck dies at Basel. Franck
Radical Reformation
1544
Anne Askew's husband, Thomas Kyme expels her from his home because of her "heretical" views. Askew
English Reformation
1545
Council of Trent begins its first session. [More]   Catholic Reformation
  Anne Askew arrested twice in 1545 in London. Askew
English Reformation
1546
Luther dies in Eisleben. Luther
Magisterial Reformation
  Anne Askew arrested for the third time. Askew
English Reformation
  July Schmalkald War begins. [More]   Catholic Reformation
Magisterial Reformation
  July 16 Anne Askew was tied to a chair and burned alive. Askew
English Reformation
  June 28 Anne Askew condemned. Askew
English Reformation
  June 29 Anne Askew placed on the rack and tortured until many bones were broken. She refused to recant. Askew
English Reformation
1547
Henry VIII dies. Henry
English Reformation
  Vittoria Colonna dies. Colonna
Catholic Reformation
  Peter Canisius advises Cardinal Georg Truchsess von Waldburg at the Council of Trent. Canisius
Catholic Reformation
  April Schmalkald War ends.   Catholic Reformation
Magisterial Reformation
1548
Ignatius Loyola's Spiritual Excercises first published in its entirety. Loyola
Catholic Reformation
  Anna Bijns publishes another anti-Lutheran work: The Second Book Containing Many Beautifully Artistic Refrains. Bijns
Catholic Reformation
  Katherine Parr dies.   English Reformation
1549
Thomas Cranmer's First Book of Common Prayer published Cranmer
English Reformation
  Peter Canisius begins teaching at the University of Ingolstadt. Canisius
Catholic Reformation